In order to maintain a claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress (IIED), you must show:
First, let’s take a closer look at the first element, “extreme and outrageous” conduct. Conduct is extreme and outrageous if it goes beyond the bounds of decency. It must be more than mere insults, indignities, or threats. When deciding whether conduct is extreme and outrageous, courts will look at all the facts of the case and make a determination on a case by case basis.
How severe must the distress be?
The threshold question in determining whether emotional distress is severe enough to give rise to a cause of action is whether an ordinary person could be expected to endure it. Physical injury is not required to maintain an IIED claim. Courts will weigh both the intensity and the duration of the distress.
Punitive damages and attorney fees are not recoverable for IIED claims. This means that you can only recover damages to compensate you for actual injury suffered. This need not necessarily be physical injury. You can recover for pain and suffering. However, absent bills from a therapist, pain and suffering damages are difficult to prove and quantify.
Bottom line: If you believe that someone has committed an outrageous act with the intention of causing you emotional distress, you may have a cause of action for IIED and should speak to an attorney.
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