no need to leave your home to receive legal consultations and services - Call or click to learn more about phone and video conferencing with our attorneys

What Happens When a Divorce Goes to Trial in Illinois?

Article written by Attorney Kevin O'Flaherty
Updated on
October 28, 2019

In this article, we explain what happens when a divorce goes to trial in Illinois, including: “when does an Illinois divorce go to trial?” and “how does a divorce trial work in Illinois?”

When Does a Divorce Case Go to Trial?

To begin, even in a divorce that does settle outside of court, one or both parties may still need to make various court appearances. Although these things take place in a courtroom, they are not an official trial.  To learn more about what happens at these court appearances and when they are required, check out our previous article, Illinois Uncontested Divorce Explained.

A trial only becomes necessary when issues such as spousal maintenance, allocation of parenting time and responsibility, asset division or child support cannot be resolved through a marital settlement agreement or joint parenting agreement  by the parties and their lawyers. The purpose of a divorce trial is for the court to decide any issues the parties cannot agree on.  

How Does a Divorce Trial Work?

Unlike many civil trials, juries are not used for divorce trials.  The judge is the decision-maker.  Witnesses may be called by each side.  However, often the parties’ own testimony and documentary evidence will be the only evidence presented.

Between the date that the divorce petition is filed and the the official trial start date, attorneys and each party will be gathering facts which will be relevant in court.  This is often done through written discovery and depositions.  There will also be a pretrial meeting, which the lawyers will attend, in which the facts of the case are presented to the judge and each side’s position is explained. At this meeting, the judge may try to persuade one side or the other to take a certain settlement, based on what the judge’s decision in court is likely to be. Right before the trial starts, some judges will give lawyers the opportunity to work out a last-minute settlement.

Other than the absence of a jury, a divorce trial operates very similarly to how a civil trial: each attorney gives an opening statement, testimony and and documentary evidence is presented to the court  by the parties, and if witnesses are called they can be cross-examined by the other attorney. Depending on the complexity of the issues involved, divorce trials can take multiple days to be completed.

Once the judge has made a final decision, if you are unhappy with the settlement, you can appeal the decision in the appropriate appellate court. The appellate court does not hear any new evidence.  Its will simply receive the paperwork from the trial and review it along with a written brief stating the argument of each party.

Schedule a
What Happens When a Divorce Goes to Trial in Illinois?

Need Legal Help? 

contact us

9 am - 5 pm M - F
After 5 pm by Appointment
11 am - 3pm Sat by Appt
11 am - 2 pm Sun by Appt

Schedule a

What to Expect From a Consultation

The purpose of a free consultation is to determine whether our firm is a good fit for your legal needs. Although we often discuss expected results and costs, our attorneys do not give legal advice unless and until you choose to retain us. Although most consultations are complimentary, some may carry a charge depending on the type of matter and meeting location.

Family Law & Divorce

Contact us for a Free Consultation

Schedule a free consultation

O'Flaherty Law is happy to meet with you by phone or at our office locations in:

Who We Are
We are your community law firm. Our Iowa & Illinois Attorneys are committed to providing exceptional client service in a cost-effective manner in the areas of Family Law, Probate, Estate Planning, Civil Litigation, Guardianship, Criminal Defense, Corporate & Contract Law, Bankruptcy and Real Estate.
Disclaimer: Our articles and comment responses do not constitute legal advice and are not intended to create an attorney-client relationship.

Please contact us to schedule a consultation specific to your legal situation.

Click Here For Comments