In this article, our Downers Grove appeals attorneys discuss appealing court decisions in Illinois. In Illinois, cases are initially filed and heard in the county circuit courts. These are also known as “trial courts” because the circuit courts are the level on which each side presents evidence and jury and bench trials are held in order to make findings of fact. After final judgment is rendered in the trial court, or after certain types of orders have been entered by the trial court judge prior to final judgment, the parties can seek to appeal to the appellate court in order to have the circuit court’s order reversed. The appellate court will review the record of the trial court along with briefs written by both parties and decide whether to reverse the trial court’s ruling, uphold it, or order some further action by the trial court. If the appellate court reverses or upholds the trial court ruling, the losing party can then appeal to the Illinois Supreme Court.
Throughout the course of a trial court proceeding, the court will issue several orders before issuing a final judgment. The court may grant an injunction or dismiss certain claims against certain parties. Not all of these orders are appealable. Final judgments disposing of all claims as to all parties in the case are appealable.